The Incident Investigation and Review Committee (IIRC), who was tasked to investigate the bloody hostage taking incident in Quirino Grandstand Manila, has submitted its official report to President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III. The Philippine government has also given out the full 38-pages IIRC report to Chinese Ambassador Liu Jianchao.
The IIRC is chaired by Department of Justice Secretary Leila de Lima. It’s members include among others: DILG Secretary Jesse Robredo and other private individuals.
In the IIRC report, several people were blamed for the failed negotiations and eventual death of the hostages. Those who were identified to have failed in their duties were: Manila Mayor Alfredo Lim, Ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez, police commanders, hostage negotiators and mediamen.
The IIRC has identified 8 incidents “where the action taken, or the inaction, the evaluations and decisions made or omitted, the lapses, that occurred during or resulting from the Critical Incident affected the final outcome of the incident.”
The following are the 8 incidents identified by the IIRC:
1. Crisis management committee was not activated in accordance with the manual;
2. Improper appreciation of the nature of the demand of the hostage-taker;
3. Presentation of the Ombudsman’s letter to the hostage-taker and the resulting breakdown of negotiations;
4. The acts, omissions and reaction, of the authorities concerned with resolving the crisis situation;
5. Arrest of the hostage-taker’s brother, Gregorio Mendoza, upon orders of Manila Mayor Alfredo Lim;
6. The departure of Mayor Lim and General Magtibay from the Advance Command Post;
7. Inefficient, disorganized and stalled assault;
8. Absence of an organized Post-Assault Plan.
The Manila hostage taking incident has cost the lives of nine people that includes Rolando Mendoza, the hostage taker. Relations between the Philippine and Chinese governments has been strained since the incident.
President Benigno Aquino has recommended the filing of criminal or administrative charges against 12 individuals and 3 media companies for the bloody outcome of the hostage crisis.
Those who might be included in the list of those who will be charged are: Philipine National Police Chief Jesus Verzosa; former Manila Police District chief Rodolfo Magtibay, National Capital Region Police Office chief Leocadio Santiago, chief hostage negotiator Manila Superintendent Orlando Yebra, Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) Undersecretary Rico Puno, Chief Inspector Santiago Pascual, head of the Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) team, Ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez, Deputy Ombudsman Emilio Gonzalez III, TV5′s Erwin Tulfo, Radio Mo Nationwide’s (RMN) Michael Rogas, Manila Mayor Alfredo Lim, Manila Vice-Mayor Isko Moreno, and media networks GMA-7, ABS-CBN, and TV5. – Report by ABS-CBN