The Labor Law of the Philippines provides that employers should give the following leave benefits to its employees:
- Five Days Incentive or Service Incentive Leave (SIL). Full-time and part-time employees who have rendered at least one year of service must be given SIL, exceptions however applies as provided in Article 95 of the Labor Code.
- Maternity Leave. Two months(60 days) leave with pay for normal delivery, and 78 days for caesarian delivery are given to female employees. All Social Security System members are entitled for this benefit if she has paid at least three monthly contributions during the 12-month period that immediately follow the semester of her delivery or miscarriage. This leave only covers the first four deliveries or miscarriages.
- Paternity Leave. Seven days with full benefits is given to married male employees for the first four deliveries of her legitimate spouse in which he is cohabiting.
Other leave benefits are optional for employees to provide. Sometimes, other leaves are demanded by employees during employment negotiations or regularization process. Some of these leaves not provided by law are stipulated in employee manuals. The following list is the usual optional leave benefits given by employers:
- Vacation Leave. This is normally a 10 days vacation leave with pay but should be filed several days before the said leave. This is not convertible to cash when not availed.
- Sick Leave. An employee is usually given 15 days sick leave with pay but should present pertinent documents about the sickness.
- Bereavement Leave. Some companies provide a week long leave with pay for those employees who lost an immediate member of the family.
- Emergency Leave. A 5 days emergency leave with pay is given to employees who went on leave without prior approval due to unavoidable circumstances. This is usually convertible to cash if not consumed.
- Sabbatical Leave. This is usually given to faculty members of colleges and universities. A one year leave with pay is given to faculty members who rendered a certain number of years in a company but they are usually required to conduct researches.
Taking leave of absences without prior approval is considered by some companies as an abandonment of work and a voluntary withdrawal from employment and thus, privileges and benefits are automatically forfeited. This is usually stated and elaborated in employee manual.